What Are Stretch Marks & What Causes It To Happen?

Medically reviewed by Doctor David Wee on Aug 1, 2019


Stretch marks is a form of scarring on the skin with an off-colour hue. It is slowly developed when skin stretches or shrinks rapidly. When the changes happen, the skin undergoes a period of intense growth where it cannot resume to normal form. The process happened where the changes caused the collagen and elastic, which function to support the skin start to rupture. As the skin heals, the stretch marks appear and become visible.

What are Stretch Marks

The appearances of stretch marks can be varied in colours and appearances. It is classified into two types which red stretch marks and white stretch marks. They usually appear as long and narrow streaks or strikes along the skin. It is also known as striae.

Stretch marks doesn’t cause any harm towards who has it. It just affects a person’s confidence and self-esteem. They can occur on certain body parts which are stomach, thighs, hips, breast, upper arms and lower back. By proper treatment and help from certain products it can be diminish overtime, but will not disappear completely.


Stretch marks are more common on women rather than men, but it can happen to both. It happens when the body grows quickly for any reason.

It may appear because of:

  • Quick weight gain– rapid and excessive increase in body mass
  • Lose weight quickly– skin can’t return to its original form immediately
  • Childhood growth spurts– Kids get taller or gain weight during puberty

Causes of Stretch Marks

  • Pregnancy– As tummy grows to make some room for a baby and the hormones that surge during pregnancy weaken skin fibres, the stretch marks will appear
  • Breast implant surgery– excessively large breasts
  • Body building – weight training when you have rapid muscle growth

Causes of Stretch Marks

  • Cushing’s Syndrome -high amount of steroids or illness like
  • Marfan syndrome & Ehlers-Danlos– a genetic disease that weakens your skin fibers and causes unusual growth


Anyone is at risk to have stretch marks on their body. It’s developing from neither lifestyle nor heredity.

There are many things and tips that you can do to reduce your risk and treat the stretch marks which;

Maintain a healthy weight

Maintain a healthy weight

Eat healthy or balance diet by adopting eat clean principle can help in maintaining body weight. Food pyramid promote balance nutrient intake that can help in manage body weight.  Gaining weight rapidly will cause the skin pulls apart and when you are losing weight quickly, the skin cannot return to its original form as you wish. Thus its lead to stretch marks



Exercise can be fun and hard at the same time. To the people that enjoy working out by exercise regularly, it is an advantage for them as them feel it most effective way. Exercise works by improve skin and muscle tone. For people that just started to exercise, light movement such as walking and yoga can strengthen the muscles of your hips, thighs, and belly. Strengthening the muscles helps to tighten loose, stretch-marked skin and promotes faster healing.

Do pick any kind of exercise that will help you maintain your health. There are several types of different functional of exercises which are endurance, strength building, balance training, and flexibility exercise. Each type of them is different in movement and target.

Vitamin intake regularly

Vitamin intake regularly

Lacks of nutrition and vitamin intake in daily life also boost stretch marks on your skin. Eat balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals consuming a suitable amount of vitamin A , C , D and E can help support the skin, as well as the minerals zinc and protein. By eating food that provide enough amount of Omega-3 such as salmon, herring, mackerel and sardines help skin stay supple.

Vegetables and fruits help you in getting variety of nutrients in one meal only. Vegetarian sources of Omega-3 include chia seeds, walnuts, soybeans, and flaxseed. But, eating excessive of it also may cause other problem. Avoid intake of processing food and fast food that will harm your body.

Aim for slow and gradual weight gain during pregnancy

Aim for slow and gradual weight gain during pregnancy

Pregnant women should talk to their doctors about how much weight to gain and to maintain during their pregnancy. Rapid change of weight while baby starts growing will cause the skin to stretch forcedly and lead to development of stretch marks. It can be visible during or after birth.  Stay Hydrated

Stay Hydrated

Drinking enough amount of water about six to eight glasses of water every day may help in keeping skin hydrated and soft. Soft skin reduces development of stretch marks on your body compared to dry skin. Hydrated skin helps them function properly and repair themselves efficiently. Caffeinated beverages and carbonated drinks may actually increase risk of stretch marks. Balancing out intake of fluid with plenty of water, herbal drinks and other caffeine-free fluids may help in reduce it.

Other methods that can helps skin stay hydrated is to regularly moisturise you skin. Frequent use of moisturiser right after bathing or before expose to sun, while skin is still damp can help product penetrate better into the skin. It also keeps skin soft, smooth and supple.oral steroid drugs

Avoid the long-term use of potential steroids under occlusion or oral steroid drugs

Prolonged use of steroids cream or lotions can decrease levels of collagen in the skin. Steroids cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch and weaken the skin’s structure.


In order to prevent stretch marks during pregnancy can be the same routine as before and after birth. But some of the treatments are prohibited from the list because it may harm the mother and the baby. During pregnancy, you may expect more noticeable marks compared to before. The suggested treatment may help in reduce and treat stretch marks but cannot make it invisible. Uses of cream or lotion that contain retinoic acid and steroid are strictly forbidden.

Prevent Stretch Marks During Pregnancy


Pregnancy and puberty are two common times in life to get stretch marks. Getting rid of it in a completely natural way is considerable as it is less in cost and easily accessible.

Here are simple ways to get rid of stretch marks:

Cocoa shea butter

Cocoa  & shea butter

Stretch marks become more visible when your skin is dry. Cocoa & shea butter was designed to repair dry skin and fade unsightly marks, like discolouration and scars on your skin. It contains highly hydrating vegetable fat as it functions to moisturise and treating skin dryness which prevented stretch marks from develop.

Aloe Vera

Aloe vera

Acts as natural healing agent and skin softener. Advisable to apply pure aloe vera on your skin daily after your shower.  It promotes healing and soothes your skin.

Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid or HA is a form of protein that stimulates production of collagen to allow skin to keep it shape and appear healthy.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil

Coconut oil is very famous for its healing properties. It also found help to heal skin wounds as stretch marks are form of scarring from skin damage.


There are many treatments available in the markets now. It ranges from how to prevent it to how to get rid of it.

If you’d like to know more about the problems and treatments, please reach out to us so we can help you more. Our customer service representatives are available throughout the year from 8am to 12 midnight daily.

WHATSAPP/CALL: +6012-662-5552
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